IPCC is an abbreviation for Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It is the body of the UN that documents scientific knowledge about climate change. In fact, its purpose is to update decision makers on changes in the climate. More so, consequences that these changes might have. As well suggesting mitigation strategies. In other words, suggest what changes are need to fight climate change. For example, IPCC has reported what happens to the earth in a global warming of 1.5°C. This makes it possible to understand why humans need to stop with emissions of greenhouse gases.
The IPCC report their findings in the famous IPCC-reports. These collections of contemporary scientific facts get plenty of attention by the media. Their primary purpose is to present research with a high quality to decision makers. For example, the reports are used at the COP-meetings.
What is the IPCC?
The IPCC has existed since 1988. Back then, it was created through a collaboration between WMO and UNEP. These stand for the World Metrological Organisation and United Nations Environment Program. Today, the organisation IPCC consists of 195 countries, either members of the WMO or the UN. The work of the IPCC is thereby a result of thousands of researchers from nearly the entire world.
However, the IPCC does not finance their own research. Instead, it evaluates already existing, new and relevant research. Then, it highlights and brings forward the facts that they believe are accurate.
Large scientific reports
The IPCC reports the present stage of the scientific, technical and socio-economical parts of climate change. More so, they state the consequences of current emissions as well as the risks that these pose for the future. As mentioned, they also present ideas for mitigation, as well as give other types of advices.
There are different types of IPCC-reports. Particularly the “Assessment Reports” present the research from a particular time span. So far, the UN has released 5 of these reports. The sixth one is known as the sixth assessment report – AR6. It will be released in 2022. This one gives an overlook from 2014 to 2022. Meaning that the latest report, AR5, was released in 2014.
Other kinds of reports can be the so called “special reports”. Such as the “IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C” from 2018. This report was created using about 6000 scientific articles. More so, it has been written by 91 researchers from 40 countries. In other words, the materials are produced by an impressing amount of scientific work. Furthermore, the special report on global warming of 1.5 °C was used to create the Paris Agreement in 2015. Hence the goal of keeping global warming below 2°C but preferably 1.5 °C.