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QELRO stands for Quantified Emission Limitation and Reduction Obligations. It is a short document that is part of the Kyoto Protocol. The document ensured that nations would lower their emissions.

The Kyoto Protocol expired in 2020 and was replaced by the more ambitious Paris Agreement. It was the first global agreement by the UN to address climate change. More so, the agreement was signed in 1997.

What was QELRO?

QELRO was a legally binding document for the nations that signed the Kyoto Protocol. The latest QELRO was sent in for the period 2013-2020. Which also was the last period of the Kyoto Protocol. For example, the EU handed in a joint document that ensured a decrease of 20 % in all emissions. Other nations that then joined in on this target were Iceland and Croatia. Their motivation was that they wanted to align with the ambitions of the EU.


More facts

Another example of a nation’s promise to decrease emissions was Norway, promising a 30 % decrease. While New Zeeland promised a decrease of 10-20 %. It was common that the nations wanted higher ambitions, on the condition that other nations would raise their ambitions. For example, Norway originally suggested a decrease of 20 %. While some nations in Europe wanted 30 %. Another common detail of the QELRO documents was that many nations mentioned the need to keep global warming under 2 degrees.

Sources:  UNFCCC (1)UNFCCC (2)


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