The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a continuation of the Millennium Development Goals, and was adopted by the 193 UN Member States in September 2015. A large and high-profile part of the 2030 Agenda are the 17 sustainable development goals, often abbreviated SDGs, which intend to bring us closer to socially, environmentally and economically sustainable development in the world. The reason for the name 2030 Agenda is that the targets are to be achieved by 2030.
There are some differences between the Millennium Development Goals and the new SDGs. For example, the previous objectives were only for developing countries, whereas it is now universal and applies to all the countries of the world. Another difference is that the goals are now more focused on addressing the root of many of the problems that exist in the world, which also means that the new targets are broader than the old ones.
The idea is that sustainable development should both through direct action counteract adverse effects from climate change, such as lack of access to food and water, the risk of conflict and the spread of disease, but also through long-term sustainable projects reduce the extent of the underlying problems that exacerbate negative climate effects.
The concept of sustainable development was put on the map back in 1987 when the UN World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) demonstrated the importance of achieving social sustainability by taking into account and building on three interdependent perspectives: the economy, the social and the environment.
The work on the 2030 Agenda will be supported and stimulated by local bodies appointed by the national governments, consisting of knowledgeable individuals with experiences from fields widespread as culture, climate, environment, business and research. Ownership, an action plan and national indicators are developed by each country, although there is no legally binding to force them to do.